Implementation of ISPS Code
The issues of maritime security always have been given in Russia a high priority. In particular, in April 2000 there was adopted the Regulation of the Government of the Russian Federation (# 324 of April 11, 2000), approving the Statute of federal system of maritime industry protection from unlawful acts against security of navigation.
According to the Regulation, the main task of federal system is to strengthen the security of vessels, their crews and passengers, the cargoes transported, navigation control units, means of communication and navigation, port facilities and their personnel.
The security system comprises a complex of legislative, organizational, administrative, operating, military and technical arrangements aiming at foreseeing, detecting and deterring unlawful acts threatening human lives and damage of property; detecting and handling the problems and conditions favoring to carrying out unlawful acts in the sphere of shipping business.
According to the Regulation the implementation of the assigned tasks of management and coordination of protective measures to be taken was entrusted to the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation and it's departments. This work had been conducted in close cooperation with other federal authorities of executive power.
After the adoption in December 2002 of SOLAS new Chapter XI-2 and the ISPS Code, the Ministry launched the work on implementation of the requirements of those international standard acts.
Federal State Institution "Maritime Security Service" (MSS) as an executive body is appointed the organization, responsible in the Russian Federation for the implementation of the requirements of SOLAS chapter XI-2 and the ISPS Code. MSS fulfils the following functions:
approval of the security plans of ships under the Russian flag;
making-up the examination and submission of port facility security assessments and port facility security plans for approval;
carrying out the examinations of ships to comply with the international and domestic security requirements, and subsequent issue of International Ship Security Certificate;
conducting the verifications of port facilities and registering of port facilities with the approved security plans;
systematization of training of security officers;
coordination, organizational and methodical support of activities of maritime security services, established in ports;
cooperation with IMO.
Taking into consideration such facts as those that the work to be done is so unique and new, deficiency of time, alongside with the lack of the methods approved and proper specialists in shipping and stevedoring companies, it was recommended to use the services of the competent expert organizations, possessing a sufficient experience in the sphere involved and maintaining their authority within the international maritime business. Their task was to carry out assessments of the security of ships and port facilities and designing security plans. Among them are "Central Research and Construction Marine Institute", "Far East Research and Construction Marine Institute", JSC "Research and Production Enterprise "ISTA-Systems, JSC "TRANSAS Consulting", JSC "Escort-Center", "ELCOMTRANS" LTD, "BPS GROUP" and others.
100 % of ships under the Russian flag are certified. The International Ship Security Certificates issued to 1622 ships.
In addition to the present security measures, which level in Russian ports was traditionally high, certain arrangements are being carried out aiming at matching port facilities with the new international marine security requirements. This part of the arrangements is the most laborious. 213 port facilities have their security plans approved.
The system of training of all levels security officers is established and successfully works on the basis of 12 Russian maritime academies. The training is conducted by the following educational institutions approved by the Ministry of Transport of the RF:
Admiral Makarov State Maritime Academy (St-Petersburg), with branches in Archangelsk and Murmansk;
Novorossiysk State Maritime Academy, with branch in Rostov-on-Don;
Maritime State University named after Adm. G.I. Nevelskoy, Vladivostok;
Saint-Petersburg State University for Water Communications;
Moscow State Academy of Water Transport;
Volga State Academy of Water Transport;
Baltic State Academy of Fish Fleet;
Novosibirsk State Academy of Water Transport.
To date they have trained more than 6000 security officers.
MSS in association with the Makarov Academy worked out the electronic version of ship security hardcopies, served for preparation and conducting of security exercises and trainings of ship crews.
In pursuance of SOLAS regulation XI-2/6 the concept of measures to introduce Ship security alert system (SSAS) had been developed as well as the engineering requirements for SSAS. To all organizations concerned with the activities of equipping the maritime industry with SSAS, the instructive letters have been sent, containing the information about the terms of equipment and the engineering requirements, which will be included in Regulations of ship equipment.
Russian ship owners have launched an active provision of their vessels with SSAS, fitting the IMO requirements. These arrangements are being carried out by means of setting special equipment designed for these purposes.
Russian Sea Shipping Register is carrying out control measures in fulfilling the technical requirements of setting the SSAS equipment on the vessels and the equipment's technical supervision according to the proper rules designed for the radio kits. The setting of the equipment is carried out by the enterprises approved by the Sea Register due to the list worked out in cooperation with Maritime Security Service.
The functions of the organization providing the around-the-clock receiving of special messages from vessels are laid upon State Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre.
The representatives of the Russian Federation took part in the session of sub regional seminar devoted to the issue of sea/port security for the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea countries in Constance (Romania). The first national working seminar on the sea and port security was held within IMO's Global program with support of the Ministry of transport of the Russian Federation. 65 representatives from sea ports administrations, shipping and stevedoring companies, specialists from sea educational institutions and educational centers training security officers participated in the seminar's work in St. Petersburg on March 22-26, 2004. As the outcome of the seminar "Resolution on the implementation of maritime security measures for the Russian Federation" was adopted.
The first National Seminar on maritime security -"ISPS Code implementation in the Russian Federation: First Results and Future Trends" - was held in St. Petersburg on 23-24 November, 2004.
The purpose of the seminar was to summarize the results of the work under the new international maritime security standards and also to exchange the acquired experience.
Besides, it aimed at developing jointly a guidance to optimize the implementation of the new international requirements in the Russian Federation which came into force since July 1, 2004 and at informing the seminar participants about the latest IMO steps in maritime security.
An exposition devoted to the latest and sophisticated Russian technical achievements in port and ship security was organized during the seminar.
The seminar was attended by the representatives of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, the Federal Agency of Maritime and River Transport, the Federal Transport Surveillance Service, the Russian Federal Security Service, the St. Petersburg administration, SOROSS, ASOP, specialists from Russian maritime/river ports and terminals, specialists from shipping, stevedoring, agent and crewing companies, specialists classification committees and maritime units security expert organizations, from Russian security officers training centers, from Maritime Academy of California.
Such events are of great importance to the concept of national and international maritime units security requirements realization in Russia. The Seminar was opened by V. Ruksha, Chief of the Federal Agency of Maritime and River Transport.
The seminar pointed out that the main task of the IMO Member States implementing the ISPS Code is to prevent terrorist attacks at sea transport, build new obstacles to piracy and armed robberies at sea and to illegal drug, passengers and cargo transportation.
Russia has fulfilled its obligation in maritime security to achieve the goal. International Security Certificates were issued to 1370 ships. 153 ports security plans were adopted and submitted to IMO. More than 4500 maritime security officers were trained.
In general Russian maritime authorities and owners contributed much to implement the ISPS requirements and to train ship crews and the officers responsible for security of maritime units. First experience in operating under the new conditions was acquired and it is considered quite positive. The competence of the Russian specialists responsible for implementation of the new international maritime security standards has been recognized and highly estimated all over the world.
Meanwhile the participants of the seminar highlight a number of questions requiring operative solutions and additional amendments.
With regard of stepping up the efficiency of further actions the seminar participants developed the necessary guidance outlined in the seminar resolution.
Recognizing the seminar doubtless benefits the participants suggest that National Seminars on maritime security would be held regularly. Further consideration is left to suggest the CIS partners such seminars at an international level.
In conclusion the seminar participants showed their great appreciation to the organizers - Maritime Security Service of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation and State Maritime Academy of Makarov, St. Petersburg, - for the perfect organization of the seminar, and also the "Transport security and technologies" magazine staff for their support in information and organizing the exposition of the safety and security technical devices and systems.
Each vessel arriving at other country's port is subject to the control of the officials properly authorized by the government of the country. Under the common conditions such a control is limited by checking of the valid International ship security certificate presence.
As for the ships control procedure in the Russian ports, Russia is going to be consistent with the principles declared in the ISPS Code, - if there is a reason to suspect the vessel in not following the assigned rules, or if the Certificate is not presented by demand, the sanctions proportionate to the violation are to be applied to the vessel (inspection, detention, delay of the vessel's departure, limitation of operations and others). In case the vessel has left the port facility which does not have the approved security plan, the vessel is to be subject to the stronger inspection. ISPS inspectors specially trained for such purposes are to carry out these functions from the July 1, 2004.