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ISPS Code

Frequently asked questions

port 1Question:

What are the stages for implementation of provisions of Chapter XI-2 SOLAS-74 and ISPS Code?

Answer:

  • Implementation of these documents presumes several stages, specifically:

  • Assessment of security and development of security plans for port facilities;

  • Technical equipment (additional equipment) of port facilities;

  • Certification of port facilities;

  • Systematization of port facilities, meeting the security requirements and their registration in the IMO.

Question:

What are port facilities and which port facilities shall be accounted for in a port facility security plan?

Answer:

Port facilities shall be understood as a certain contiguous water area (approaches from the sea, roads, anchorages, berth waiting spaces) and/or territories (hydro technical installations and infrastructure) of a sea merchant (specialized) port, where ship/port interaction occurs under control of a single operator (a stevedoring company) with a common technological process, operating unified installations, devices and equipment, exploitation of which is the same during loading/unloading operations and rendering services, and where it is necessary, in compliance with provisions of Chapter XI-2 of SOLAS-74 and ISPS Code, to take special measures directed to timely discovery and prevention of acts threatening maritime transport security.

Port facility and infrastructure, which are regarded as important security objects, comprise of:

  • accesses, entrances and anchorages, berthing and maneuvering areas;

  • cargo-handling gears, terminals, storage areas, and cargo handling equipment;

  • systems and networks, such as electrical distribution systems, radio and telecommunication systems and computer systems and networks;

  • port vessel traffic management systems and aids to navigation;

  • power plants, cargo transfer piping and water supplies;

  • bridges, railways and roads;

  • port service vessels, including pilot boats, tugs, lighters, etc.;

  • security and surveillance equipment and systems;

  • and the waters adjacent to the port facility.

    Answer:

    Chapter XI-2 SOLAS-74 and ISPS Code does not determine a number of officers in charge of security of a port facility, it should be determined by the management of a company.

    It is recommended to designate at least one Security Officer who does not perform any other duties except for those related to security.

    SHIPS

    Question:

    Can Company Security Officers participate in Security Assessment and development of Security Plans?

    Training courses, organized in special maritime institutions of the Ministry of Transport of Russia offer theoretical knowledge and practical skills for assessments of security and development of Security Plans, which qualifies them to participate in works with mandatory engagement of experts from specialized institutions, admitted by the Ministry of Transport of Russia to performance of works.

    Answer:

    Can a shipping company independently perform a ship security assessment and develop a security plan?

    According to the provisions of the ISPS Code, items 8.2, 8.3 of Part A and 8.2 of Part B, a company officer shall ensure that activities related to the assessment of security are performed by properly quantified personnel. This does not allow for an independent performance of such works without participation of experts, who qualify the requirements set by Item 8.4, Part B of the ISPS Code.

    Question:

    Who determines security levels at maritime transport objects?

    Answer:

    According to Item 4.1, Part of the ISPS Code, the security level for maritime transport objects shall be established by the Contracting Government. The following factors shall be considered for establishment of an appropriate security level:

    • the degree of reliability of the source of information related to the threat;

    • the degree of reliability of information related to the threat;

    • the degree of comprehensiveness of information related to the threat or the degree of inevitability of the threat;

    • potential consequences of such event.

    Question:

    Who can demand filling in the Security Declaration?

    Answer:

    According to the Par.5.2, Part of the ISPS Code, a ship may demand filling in the Security Declaration provided that:

    • the ship is operated with a higher security level than a port facility or another ship with which it interacts;

    • the Contracted Governments are the parties of an Agreement on Security Declaration related to certain international routes or ships engaged on such routes;

    • there is a threat of security breach or there was an incident related to a ship or a port facility security breach - depending on the incident;

    • a ship is located in such port, in which presence of an approved port facility security plan is not mandatory;

    • a ship interacts with such another ship, for which presence of an approved ship security plan is not mandatory.

     

Question:

How many Officers shall be in charge of security of a port facility?

Answer:

Chapter XI-2 SOLAS-74 and ISPS Code does not determine a number of officers in charge of security of a port facility, it should be determined by the management of a company.

It is recommended to designate at least one Security Officer who does not perform any other duties except for those related to security.

SHIPS

Question:

Can Company Security Officers participate in Security Assessment and development of Security Plans?

Training courses, organized in special maritime institutions of the Ministry of Transport of Russia offer theoretical knowledge and practical skills for assessments of security and development of Security Plans, which qualifies them to participate in works with mandatory engagement of experts from specialized institutions, admitted by the Ministry of Transport of Russia to performance of works.

 21Answer:

Can a shipping company independently perform a ship security assessment and develop a security plan?

According to the provisions of the ISPS Code, items 8.2, 8.3 of Part A and 8.2 of Part B, a company officer shall ensure that activities related to the assessment of security are performed by properly quantified personnel. This does not allow for an independent performance of such works without participation of experts, who qualify the requirements set by Item 8.4, Part B of the ISPS Code.

Question:

Who determines security levels at maritime transport objects?

Answer:

According to Item 4.1, Part of the ISPS Code, the security level for maritime transport objects shall be established by the Contracting Government. The following factors shall be considered for establishment of an appropriate security level:

  • the degree of reliability of the source of information related to the threat;

  • the degree of reliability of information related to the threat;

  • the degree of comprehensiveness of information related to the threat or the degree of inevitability of the threat;

  • potential consequences of such event.

Question:

Who can demand filling in the Security Declaration?

Answer:

According to the Par.5.2, Part of the ISPS Code, a ship may demand filling in the Security Declaration provided that:

  • the ship is operated with a higher security level than a port facility or another ship with which it interacts;

  • the Contracted Governments are the parties of an Agreement on Security Declaration related to certain international routes or ships engaged on such routes;

  • there is a threat of security breach or there was an incident related to a ship or a port facility security breach - depending on the incident;

  • a ship is located in such port, in which presence of an approved port facility security plan is not mandatory;

  • a ship interacts with such another ship, for which presence of an approved ship security plan is not mandatory.

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